The film is structured around eleven lessons, which McNamara may or may not agree with. They are:
1. Empathize with your enemy.
2. Rationality will not save us.
3. There's something beyond one's self.
4. Maximize efficiency.
5. Proportionality should be a guideline in war.
6. Get the data.
7. Belief and seeing are both often wrong.
8. Be prepared to reexamine your reasoning.
9. In order to do good, you may have to engage in evil.
10. Never say never.
11. You can't change human nature.
?The Fog of War? allows us to see the Vietnam war through the eyes of a politician who comes across as a conflicted man. Though the film stops short of McNamara accepting responsibility for his role in Vietnam, it does seem to be sort of an apology and a call for true human understanding to avert future wars. McNamara proves to be a very interesting interview subject and lets you walk away from the film thinking of the complexity and fog of war.